A national calling frequency in the USA is a radio frequency that is widely accepted and understood to be a place to start communicating with other hams.
This frequency is established for each RF band under the voluntary US band plan and is not regulated by the FCC. It is routinely monitored by any number of radio amateurs and is likely to result in a response when calling CQ or Mayday or SOS.
The US band plan shows calling frequencies for various modes (CW, SSB, FM, AM, digital) in different bands. A calling frequency list includes not only the modes but adds specific activities (expeditions, power levels) as commonly practiced.
For new hams who are likely to get started in local VHF/UHF operation, the national calling frequencies to be concerned with are 2m and 70cm FM simplex (non-repeater). These are 146.520MHz and 446.000MHz, respectively, and should be included in your radio’s scanned channels. If you regularly use 1.25m, 33cm and/or 23cm bands, there are national simplex calling frequencies defined per the band plan for you to look up.
Be aware that the national calling frequency for whatever mode and activity is only a place to start communicating. Protocol and common courtesy require that once contact is established, you move to another frequency (QSY) to leave the calling frequency open for others to use.
The national simplex calling frequency is sort of a universal (within the USA) place to make contact when you are not sure where to start. It is particularly useful Continue reading